MSV Exhibition Dates: May 11, 2014 through March 29, 2015!

The Virginia Safe Project

Researchers Launch Study of Shenandoah Valley
Punched-Tin Paneled Furniture

Common to most nineteenth-century Shenandoah Valley households, the ubiquitous pie or food safe is the focus of a multi-year research project launched in August 2010 as The Virginia Safe Project. The initial phase of the ambitious study targeted the Shenandoah Valley region beginning with Frederick County in the north and running southward to Botetourt County, as well as contiguous counties with associated manufacturing centers or concentrations of safes. Based on a combination of field research to record and photograph Virginia safes and extensive documentary evidence, the project's Shenandoah Valley survey will culminate in an exhibition titled Safes of the Valley at the Museum of the Shenandoah Valley (MSV) in Winchester, VA (on display May 11, 2014 through March 29, 2015) and a comprehensive, fully illustrated companion publication to document the findings is expected in late 2014.

The research and exhibition development is being conducted by Jeffrey S. Evans, principal with Jeffrey S. Evans and Associates in Mt. Crawford, Virginia and Kurt C. Russ, former director of Washington and Lee University's Laboratory of Anthropology and independent scholar from Lexington. This partnership brings together Evans' vast knowledge and scholarship of Shenandoah Valley decorative arts with Russ's years of collecting and study of Virginia safes and expertise in nineteenth-century material culture. Notable among their prior regional studies is Evans' acclaimed Come in and Have a Seat: Vernacular Chairs of the Shenandoah Valley 2009 exhibition and catalogue for the MSV and Russ' 2005 collaboration on the Stoneware of Eastern Virginia exhibition at the Virginia Historical Society and related publications. Evans and Russ will also be engaging a comprehensive ancillary pool of decorative arts scholars, collectors, and dealers, as well as national institutions and local historical societies as consultants for the Safe project.

The researchers request that those having pie/food safes, or other related nineteenth-century architectural or furniture forms displaying punched-tin panels (e.g. sideboards, slabs, cupboards, cabinets, interior doors) contact them to be included in this important study. Of particular interest are examples with documented or associated oral history suggesting a Virginia origin, especially signed and/or dated specimens, and those featuring unusual punched designs/motifs or historical surfaces. In addition, Evans and Russ are actively seeking unpublished documentary or ephemeral materials evidencing safe production and usage, as well as any vintage photographs depicting safes or related forms in an historical context. One goal of the overall project is to produce a database of Virginia punched tin-paneled furniture that allows for comparison of elements of design and construction throughout the Old Dominion. Evans and Russ explained, "By combining documentary research of local cabinetmakers and tinsmiths with a fundamental understanding of Valley settlement and economic patterns, an emerging picture of the 'Virginia Safe' in the Shenandoah Valley is forthcoming. Details of the provenance of specific safes combined with careful attention to dated, signed and initialed examples, and a focus on variations in tin-design elements provides preliminary definition of area and potential schools of production."

Initial research has already defined several such distinctive schools of Valley safe production. Two particularly exciting groups for which the researchers are eagerly seeking comparable examples emanate from the counties of Rockbridge and Augusta, respectively. Lexington cabinetmaker Matthew Kahle in conjunction with local tinsmiths produced distinctive flat-wall food safes embellished with politically oriented themes and images including the likeness of George Washington (Figure 1) on several extant examples. Augusta County witnessed the production of a series of equally remarkable safes distinguished by elaborately punched, adjoined-tin panels depicting flowering plants rising from a central pot and containing the makers' initials and often associated date (Figure 2). "Representing a special cooperation between craftsmen, the safe becomes an important artifact of nineteenth-century Shenandoah Valley material culture particularly expressive (in combining furniture elements and tin design motifs) and well-suited to questions regarding the makers' and consumers' shared cultural heritage and the evolution of traditional foodways in the Shenandoah Valley," according to project co-director, Kurt Russ.

This web site describing the project ( and a blog allowing for public comment, recordation of family-owned safes and project participation is currently being developed. In the interim, the researchers encourage and welcome the involvement of those with information about Virginia safes and other punched tin-paneled furniture, or those having examples they would like documented as a part of the study. Complete confidentiality and discretion is assured.

The project's progress can also be followed on The Virginia Safe Project Facebook page.

Contact Information:

Kurt C. Russ:; 540-958-8534; 203 South Main Street, Lexington, VA 24450.

Jeffrey S. Evans:; 540-434-3939; 2177 Green Valley Lane, Mt. Crawford, VA 22841.

George Washington punched tin
Figure 1: Close-up of George Washington punched tin
on Rockbridge County, Va., pie safe.

Copyright 2011 Virginia Safe Project. Image courtesy of Jeffrey S. Evans.
pie safe with tins dated 1860
Figure 2: Augusta County, Va., pie safe with tins dated 1860.
Copyright 2011 Virginia Safe Project. Image courtesy of Jeffrey S. Evans.
TVSP Co-Director Jeffrey S. Evans
TVSP Co-Director Jeffrey S. Evans
TVSP Co-Director Kurt C. Russ
TVSP Co-Director Kurt C. Russ